New African Swine Fever Case in Romania

Wild pigs are the primary source of African Swine Fever in Romania, because their cross-border movement is difficult to control. ( Farm Journal )

Romania’s Veterinary Authority has confirmed a second detection of African Swine Fever (ASF), according to a report from the Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) this week. The disease was found in a backyard herd of domestic pigs in Romania’s northwestern Micula locality.

Subsequent laboratory results confirmed that 34 pigs were affected by the disease, the report said, and the Romanian Veterinary Service immediately implemented disease control measures.

The disease was detected by Romania’s Institute for Diagnostics and Animal Health, and the new site “is located about 30 km from the town of Satu-Mare, where Romania’s first ASF detection was confirmed in August 2017, near the Hungarian and Ukrainian borders,” the report said.

It added that the Romanian Veterinary Service culled 13 pigs from the affected backyard holding, and since mid-December, 21 additional pigs from this herd also died from ASF-related symptoms. According to the report, the primary vector of ASF in the region is wild boars, and their cross-border movement are difficult to control.

Contaminated food is another potential source of infection.

The GAIN report said the Romanian Veterinary Service has not made any public statements about the source of infection for this particular outbreak to date, but an epidemiological investigation is currently underway.