While African swine fever (ASF) rages in China, Poland has reported only three outbreaks this year in commercial pig operations. But the latest outbreak indicates the disease is far from over.
On May 29, ASF was confirmed on a 750-sow farm near Bielsk Podlaski, close to the border with Belarus. The farm had more than 8,000 pigs of all ages on location. The World Organization for Animal Health reports 61 animals had died from the disease, and the rest of the animals were disposed of.
ASF has been spreading across the country through wild boars, the government believes. Since October 2018, there have been more than 1,400 cases of ASF reported in wild boar populations.
On Oct. 26, 2018, USDA-Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) agreed to lift restrictions on imports of some fresh and frozen pork from Poland that were put in place earlier that month, due to risk from ASF. After a review of export protocols, APHIS lifted restriction on Poland establishments located in the contiguous free zones.
ASF has not yet been detected in North America. The disease is highly contagious among domestic and feral pigs but poses no human health risk. USDA and the pork industry have increased surveillance to protect the U.S. from entry of animal diseases, such as ASF.