In early June 2018, African Swine Fever (ASF) was detected in the samples collected from smallholder swine farms in several villages in a part of the country that had not previously been infected with ASF. The newest case was in Tulcea County, Romania, about half a kilometer from the Ukrainian border, reports the Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN).
“Romania’s Institute for Diagnostics and Animal Health confirmed ASF on June 10, 2018, prompting the Romanian Veterinary Authorities to implement immediate control measures,” the GAIN report said. “Six total detections were reported in Tulcea County, resulting in five disease-related deaths and 21 cullings by Veterinary Service officials.
According to the report, the vector(s) of the most recent ASF detections remains unknown, but “ASF-contaminated food products shipped from Ukraine are blamed for earlier Romanian detections, notably in Satu-Mare County near the borders with Hungary and Ukraine,” the report said.
Following confirmation of ASF, the European Commission approves specific regionalization measures for trading partners to adopt a regionalization approach, the GAIN report said.
“Some countries, notably China, impose blanket national bans on pork products regardless of the outbreak’s location,” the report stated. “For Romania, pork meat exports fell during the first quarter of 2018 by almost half (5,526 MT) from the same timeframe in 2017, mostly because of Chinese restrictions.”
To date, ASF in Romania is still limited to smallholder backyard herds or wild boars and no commercial operations have been affected, according to the report.